How to Design Hospitality Facilities: A Guide for Architects
Hospitality facilities are buildings that provide accommodation, food, entertainment, and other services to guests. They include hotels, resorts, conference centers, casinos, and more. Hospitality facilities are complex and challenging to design, as they have to meet the needs and expectations of various stakeholders, such as owners, operators, guests, staff, and regulators. In this article, we will explore some of the key aspects of designing hospitality facilities, based on the book Building Type Basics for Hospitality Facilities by Brian McDonough et al.
Luxury hotels are high-end establishments that offer superior quality, comfort, and service to guests. They typically have large guest rooms, lavish amenities, fine dining, and personalized attention. Luxury hotels are often located in prime locations, such as city centers, historic districts, or scenic areas. Some examples of luxury hotels are Four Seasons, Ritz-Carlton, Mandarin Oriental, and Peninsula.
According to McDonough et al., some of the design considerations for luxury hotels are:
The site should be carefully selected to maximize the views, access, and visibility of the hotel.
The lobby should be spacious and elegant, with a clear circulation pattern and a focal point.
The guest rooms should be generous in size and well-appointed, with comfortable beds, seating areas, work desks, minibars, and bathrooms.
The amenities should include a variety of services and facilities, such as restaurants, bars, lounges, spas, fitness centers, pools, business centers, concierge desks, and shops.
The back-of-house areas should be efficient and functional, with adequate space for storage, laundry, kitchen, staff rooms, and mechanical systems.
The building envelope should be durable and attractive, with appropriate materials and details that reflect the local context and culture.
The building systems should be reliable and sustainable, with high-performance lighting, heating, cooling, ventilation, plumbing, fire protection, security, and communication systems.
Resort hotels are destinations in themselves that offer guests a variety of recreational activities and experiences. They are usually located in natural or scenic settings,
such as beaches, mountains, lakes, or islands. Resort hotels may have a specific theme or concept that appeals to a certain market segment or niche. Some examples of resort hotels are Disney World Resort Hotels (theme), Aman Resorts (luxury), Club Med (all-inclusive), and Sandals (couples).
According to McDonough et al., some of the design considerations for resort hotels are:
The site should be carefully planned to preserve and enhance the natural features and resources of the location.
The lobby should be welcoming and inviting,
with a sense of arrival and orientation.
The guest rooms should be comfortable and cozy,
with views of the surroundings and access to outdoor spaces.
The amenities should offer a range of options for leisure and entertainment,
such as golf courses,
The back-of-house areas should be discreet and efficient,
with minimal impact on the environment and the guest experience.
The building envelope should be compatible and harmonious with the landscape and the climate,
with materials and details that blend in or contrast with the setting.
The building systems should be efficient and eco-friendly,